Wednesday, September 25, 2013

Russia part 12 - Moscow Summer Olympics 1980. Official Film

"Oh Sport, You Are Peace!" is the official film of the 1980 Moscow Summer Olympics distributed by Mosfilm. Yuri Ozerov, director; Alexandra Pakhmutova, music; Nicholai Dobronravov, script. 1981: Mosfilm, Moscow, U.S.S.R.

O, Sport, You - the Peace (Oh, Sport - You Are Peace!)! (Russian: О спорт, ты - мир! transliterated as O sport, ty - mir!) was a 1981 documentary film directed by Yuri Ozerov. Alexandra Pahkmutova was the composer, and her husband, poet Nicholai Dobronravov, provided the script. (Wikipedia)

In addition to showing many Gold medal performances, this film shows the opening and closing ceremonies of the 1980 Summer Olympics held in Moscow. 

The director was awarded the State Prize of the USSR in 1982.

This film was recently digitized and made publicly available, thankfully. This film was shown throughout the USSR in 1981, but was lost to posterity, until now.

Moscow is the largest cultural centre of the USSR. Many Moscow theatres and museums are well known not only in the Soviet Union but also abroad. Moscow has more than a thousand magnificent architectural monuments among which there are many gems of modern style. A harmonious blend of old and new pleases the eye of many connoisseurs of urban architecture.

This is what Eduard Dibas from Peru, a member of the IOC Commission on culture and information, said after visiting Moscow:

"Everything in the USSR capital amazes me, including the city itself. However, what amazes me most are the city's friendly people, magnificent museums and
remarkable theatres".

"This is an eminently suitable place for holding the Olympic Games," said Lord Killanin, summarising the impressions of the IOC visitors. The International Olympic Committee, at its regular session held on October 23, 1974, in Vienna, selected Moscow, the capital of the USSR, as the site of the 22nd Summer Olympic Games. This news was warmly welcomed by the whole Soviet people. 

Many sports personalities from abroad praised the decision of the IOC. For example, Ivon Adam, national secretary of the sports association of the "France-USSR" Society, expressed his conviction that the "Moscow Olympics would greatly contribute to mutual understanding, peaceful co-existence and the consol­idation of co-operation, peace and friendship among nations."

According to the opinion of foreign observers, the successes scored by Soviet athletes have made the USSR a worthy contender for the honor of hosting the Olympic Games. At the last two Games—in Munich (1972) and Montreal (1976) — Soviet athletes won a total of 99 Olympic gold medals! 

This success was the result of the high standard of the sports movement in the Soviet Union, where one person in five goes in for some kind of sport. Nevertheless, as Sergei Pavlov, Chairman of the USSR Sports Committee, stated, "this figure, no matter how impressive it sounds, does not satisfy us. The main goal of our movement is not the selection of talent and the training of champions, but the mass participation of wide sections of the population in various kinds of physical culture."

It is stipulated in the new Soviet Constitution that the right of each Soviet citizen to rest and leisure is ensured, in particular, by the development on a mass scale of sport and physical culture, and of camping and tramping clubs and facilities. It is significant that the preparation for the Moscow Olympics in the USSR is being conducted under the slogan: "The Olympics are not only for the Games participants."

The Soviet state's concern for the harmonious development of the individual can be best seen by the fact that almost every industrial enterprise, college or office has its own sports club. So everyone can go in for sport at his place of work or at the place where he is studying. All in all, there are some 220,000 sports clubs in the Soviet Union, and every one of*them has qualified coaches and instructors on its staff.

Once, Sovetski Sport, a Soviet national sports newspaper, printed an article about the "Izhstal" sports club which belongs to an iron-and-steel plant in the town of Izhevsk, in the Urals. For example, to enable the family of one of its workers, his wife and two children, to go in for sports at the plant's club, the plant had to pay some 1,099 roubles.

Besides clubs at enterprises or offices, there are sports clubs in almost every urban community, and at secondary schools and Palaces of Young Pioneers. This widespread involvement of people in physical culture provides fine training grounds for talented athletes. 

At a USSR-USA Juniors Meeting, held in the summer of 1977 in Richmond, Virginia, an 18-year-old Soviet boy, Vladimir Yashchenko, set a world high-jump record. Vladimir's ascent into Big-Time sport is typical of any Soviet athlete: first, PT lessons in school and then training sessions in a juvenile sports club. Now, Yashchenko is a student and is continuing his training in the col­lege sports club. Like many other Soviet athletes it is his ambition to participate in the Moscow Olympics.

Moscow is now the focus of attention of the sporting world. Representatives of national Olympic committees, journalists and athletes all come to Moscow to see the way the city is getting ready for the Games and to find out if anything new can be expected in the organisation of the Games. The IOC President, Lord Killanin, paid another visit to Moscow in January, 1978, and commented on the speed with which construction work and renovation work are being carried out on the Olympic facilities. 

The IOC President especially noted the fact that special attention is being paid to the efficiency of sports facilities and their subsequent usefulness for residents of the city. In a meeting with Alexei Kosygin, Chairman of the USSR Council of Ministers, Lord Killanin expressed his satisfaction with the progress of preparations for the Moscow Olympic Games.

This booklet will tell you something about Moscow and the way the capital of the Soviet Union is getting ready for the Olympic Games: how the organisers, athletes and even sports fans are preparing for the Games. In addition, it will help you with the Russian language. It has been written for those who already know some 3,000 Russian words in general usage. 

Some words, outside this lexical minimum, are given in translation, and words denoting specifically Soviet phenomena are explained in the commentary. Additional information is intended for those who wish to read a more difficult text with a dictionary, or as supplementary material for language teachers. This book will help you to build up a sports vocabulary in the Russian language, and we hope that if you come to see the Olympic Games in Moscow, you will have a good command of spoken Russian.

Very little time is left before the opening of the 1980 Olympic Games. Moscow is getting ready for them. Muscovites are getting ready for them, too. And sportsmen and sports fans all over the world are waiting for them.

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