Kamakura is one of the oldest cities in Japan
One of the oldest cities in Japan, was founded in 1192. Located in Kanagawa Prefecture, on the island of Honshu.
The city is surrounded on three sides by wooded mountains, and to the south goes to the Sagami Bay. Kamakura mild climate. This is the perfect winter and summer resort.
Is the founder of the Kamakura Minamoto no Yoritomo. In 1180, he led his troops to Kamakura, and made it his residence: surrounded by mountains and the sea, Kamakura seems natural fortress, easy to defend against enemies. It is home to the bakufu - the government, subordinated to the shogun. After the fall of the shogunate Kamakurskogo which lasted from 1185 to 1333-th years, the former capital of derelict and has turned into an ordinary village, and only in the Meiji era began her new life, after she began to attract artists and writers.
Now lives in Kamakura 174 thousand people. and every year 20 million tourists come.
Kamakura ancient rulers patronized religion and art, and invited famous Chinese monks. It is believed that the first people here is the temple of Sugimoto-dera was founded in the year 734. All in all, today there are 176 in Kamakura Shinto and Buddhist temples. Made by the order of the Educational Center "Nihon Ryugaku"