Magnificent Sydney. There is no other place in the world like Sydney, Australia
In Sydney, there are more than four and a half million people, is the most populous city in the whole of Australia. Sydney is located on the west coast of Australia, and the first foreigner that came to this land, was the Englishman James Cook. In fact, the history of Sydney is inextricably linked to the history of Australia itself. For a long time Australia was considered a kind of "virtual reality": cartographers reflected the continent maps, not knowing anything about it for sure.
The earliest Europeans to Australia, were pioneers of Portugal and Spain, which went under his sails in the immediate vicinity of the continent. The Dutch also had on mainland Australia some idea, but only the English first decided to get new possessions. They were later joined by the French. England saw in Australia is a long-term interest, for the reason that North America after the Revolutionary War, no longer leaves the possibility to use its territory. Britain urgently needed to find a new place to forced relocation overcrowded British colonies and prisons. Australia look to the UK quite old enough for this purpose.
Colony of Sydney
Sydney was originally founded as a penal colony. The first settlers on these lands were 759 prisoners, as well as designed to protect them 211 Marines that arrived in the submission to the colony's first governor Arthur Phillip. The first 11 vehicles entered the bay of Port Jackson January 26, 1788, this date is celebrated in Australia, it can be considered the foundation day of the Sydney!
The settlement became known as the Sydney-Kauv, after Thomas Townshend, who was the first Viscount Sydney. In order to address the underlying problem - replenishment of food - there began to cultivate crops, and later taking up sheep farming. It should be noted that the Australian wool used a very high demand, providing England needed cheap raw materials for its factories.